EM stands for 'Effective Micro organisms'. Distinguished Professor in Horticulture, Mr. Teruo Higa, developed EM at the University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan in the early 1980's. EM is a consortium of different strains of effective and beneficial microbes, both aerobic and anaerobic in nature. These organisms are collected from the natural environment and are not imported, exotic or genetically engineered. The main
microbes are Lactobacillus spp.,
Rhodopseudomonas spp. and Saccharomyces spp. These microbes coexist in an
environment of pH below 3.5. Farming with EM technology harmonizes with nature.
Hence, it is a living process that blends all the components of agricultural
ecosystems to provide healthy food to all living beings, while maintaining
Directorate of Biotechnology has undertake this technology as a part of field trial and obtained encouraging result for the quick composting method. However more trials will be taken in the coming days.